Choctaw Memorial Hospital, 1405 East Kirk Street Hugo, Oklahoma

Choctaw Memorial Hospital


First Aid for Snake Bites


Oklahoma has many different species of snakes. Most are nonpoisonous. The bite of a nonpoisonous snake can cause pain and infection, but is rarely serious. There are three types of poisonous snakes in Oklahoma and their bites can cause serious illness and even death.

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First Aid


  • Remove all constrictive clothing, shoes, or jewelry around the bite area.
  • If possible, wash the wound with soap and water.
  • Keep victim calm. Do not give sedative or alcohol.
  • Follow general first aid, except DO NOT apply an ice pack or cold pack to the wound.
  • Keep the bite at the level of the heart.
  • DO NOT waste time trying to capture or kill the snake.
  • DO NOT cut into the wound - this will spread the venom and cause infection.
  • DO NOT suck on the wound with your mouth - this will cause infection and little venom will actually be removed.
  • DO NOT apply a tourniquet or constricting band - this cuts off the blood supply to the wound.
  • PROCEED IMMEDIATELY TO THE HOSPITAL FOR
  • EVALUATION AND TREATMENT OF POISONOUS SNAKE BITE.